Reggio Emilia Philosophy
The work of Reggio Children is borne from the vision of Loris Malaguzzi, founder of philosophy and experiences of the municipal system of infant-toddler centers of and Preschools of Reggio Emilia, Italy. Following his death in 1994, Reggio Children was founded in Reggio Emilia as a public-private company to promote and defend children's rights.
"The pleasure of learning, of knowing, and of understanding is one the most important and basic feelings that every child expects from the experiences he confronts alone, with other children, or with adults. It is a crucial feeling which must be reinforced so that the pleasure survives even when reality may prove that learning, knowing, and understanding involve difficulty and effort. It is in this very capacity for survival that pleasure is transformed into pure joy."
The Reggio Emilia philosophy is rooted in the idea that children should have a role in guiding their own education. Children are strong, interested, capable and curious. They learn from their environment - they need beautiful, orderly space where everything has a purpose and where they can develop the skills and freedom to explore with confidence. Children are capable of long-term, sustained learning when the topic is of interest to them. Teachers listen to and observe children closely, ask questions, and explore the children's ideas. Teachers provide experiences that provoke children's thinking and learning, while respecting the child's personal artistic development. They pay close attention to and record each child's processes. The teachers' observations and documentation help create a narrative that allows both children and grown-ups to better understand the child's progress.